Black History Month: John Coltrane


The year is 1957, and a young saxophone player graces the stage, not as the revolutionary leader of the jazz world but as a talented musician who initially took a backseat to the renowned trumpeter, Miles Davis. John Coltrane’s journey through life and music paints a fascinating portrait of resilience, transformation, and a deep spiritual awakening.

John Coltrane in 1963

Early Years and Musical Beginnings

Born into a challenging environment, Coltrane experienced profound loss in his childhood, losing most of his male relatives. Seeking refuge from racial prejudice in the American South, his mother moved the family to the more tolerable Northern United States. It was during his teenage years that Coltrane rekindled his passion for music, eventually joining the US Navy in 1946. Stationed at Pearl Harbor, he made his initial recordings, setting the stage for his future in the world of jazz.

After his naval service, Coltrane decided to pursue music professionally. However, the jazz scene of the time, emerging from the structured big band era, did not readily embrace individual expression. The influence of pioneers like Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker gradually allowed musicians more creative freedom. Coltrane found his place in the Miles Davis Quintet, a significant chapter in his musical evolution.

Spiritual Awakening and Musical Transformation

Coltrane’s life took a dramatic turn in 1957 when he experienced a spiritual awakening, leading to his decision to break free from heroin addiction. This pivotal moment inspired the composition and recording of “A Love Supreme,” a timeless piece that incorporates speed, tempo, and lyrical phrases designed to elevate listeners to a new spiritual level. Religion, once insignificant to Coltrane, became paramount as he explored Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, and Eastern philosophies, ultimately embracing a perspective that saw no wrong in man’s search for the divine.

In the 1960s, Coltrane collaborated with Miles Davis on the iconic “Kind of Blue,” marking a turning point in his musical journey. From this period onward, his music aimed to engage the spiritual minds of individuals, drawing inspiration from a diverse range of musical and religious influences.

Expressing Anguish Through Music

One of Coltrane’s most poignant compositions, “Alabama,” emerged from the tragic bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, on September 15, 1963. The track, lasting five minutes and eleven seconds, serves as an emotional response to the devastating event. Divided into two distinct parts, the piece reflects Coltrane’s pain and anger, transitioning from a somber lyrical melody to an intense, almost frantic solo.

Legacy and Personal Life

Throughout his career, Coltrane’s exploration of sounds and modes of thought continued to evolve. Despite a troubled personal life and his untimely death on July 17, 1967, he left an indelible mark on the world of jazz. John Coltrane, a father of several children, managed to maintain a connection with his first wife. In 1982, the African Orthodox Church canonized him, and he is venerated by the Episcopal Church, cementing his enduring impact on both musical and spiritual realms.

Alfred Key – February 1, 2024

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